Excel > Excel 2007 Foundation > Formulas

# BODMAS

When writing formulas it is important to have an understanding of the rule of BODMAS. Not understanding this rule could result in incorrect formulas. BODMAS stands for:

- Brackets
- Over
- Division
- Multiplication
- Addition
- Subtraction

In a nutshell, that means that Excel will divide or multiply before it adds or subtracts unless specified by brackets.

For example, the formula =5+3/2, we would expect the result to be 4.

However Excel produces the result 6.5. Why?

Because of BODMAS Excel calculated 3/2 and then that number was added to 5.

To specify that we want Excel to add 5 and 3 and then divide the answer by 2 we enclose it in brackets.

=(5+3)/2

As you can see if you are hoping to use add and subtract along with multiply and divide in a formula, you need to know BODMAS.