You see Doughnut charts being used to show progress in the news, in business reports and even when your computer is loading or refreshing.

Well the good news is that they are also extremely easy to create.

You will probably have a percentage in a cell on your spreadsheet showing your progress toward the goal. This is probably the result of some formula in a ‘real world’ situation.

For this example we have just typed a percentage into cell B2.

You will need to calculate the remaining percentage in another cell. You can do this by typing the following formula.

=1-B2

This formula subtracts the progress percentage from 1 to return the remaining percentage.

With these values we can now create the Doughnut chart.

- Select the two values (range B2:B3 in this example).
- Click the
**Insert**tab,**Pie**chart button and select the**Doughnut**chart (the location of the Doughnut chart button may differ on your Excel version).

And as easy as that, you have a Doughnut chart showing progress.

It is however a little basic, so lets do some formatting to bring it to life.

We will now apply some formatting steps to bring our Doughnut chart up a level.

- Click on the Chart Title placeholder and type a meaningful title.
- Click on the Legend (completely redundant in this situation) and press Delete on the keyboard to remove it.
- Double click on the Doughnut Chart itself (on the data series) and this should open the Data Series task pane (shown below Excel 2016, your version may open a dialog box). Adjust the
**Doughnut Hole Size**to 65%.

- Click on the data point for the remaining percentage, click the
**Format**tab, and select a light colour from the**Shape Fill**list. I chose a light grey. - Then click the data point for the progress percentage and select a brighter and more vibrant colour to catch the reader focus from the
**Shape Fill**list on the**Format**tab. I chose a Gold colour.

The chart will now look like below. A big improvement. Our final step will be to add the big percentage value into the hole of the doughnut.

- Click the
**Insert**tab and then the**Text box**button. - Click and drag to draw the text box into position. This does not need to be accurate, as it can be moved and resized later.
- With the text box selected, click in the Formula bar, type =B2 (or whatever cell your progress percentage is in) and press Enter.
- You can then format the text how you wish. I made the font size 32, the same Gold colour as the chart progress and also bold.

There are 5 reasons for your Excel formula not calculating are many. In this tutorial we explain these scenarios.

The first thing that you should check is that the calculation options are not set to manual. This is the most likely problem.

Click the **Formulas** tab and then the **Calculation Options** button.

If this is set to manual, the formulas will not update unless you press the **Calculate Now** or **Calculate Sheet** buttons.

Change it to **Automatic** and the formulas will start working.

This setting can be changed by macros, or by other workbooks that you may have opened first. So if you are not aware of this setting, it could still be a reason for the formula not calculating.

Another common reasons is accidentally formatting the cells containing formulas as text. These will not calculate whilst in this format.

To check this; click on the cell and check the Number group of the **Home** tab.

If it displays **Text**. Change the format to **General** using the list provided.

Then re-calculate the formula in the cell by double clicking on the cell and pressing Enter.

When typing the formula be sure not to enter a space before the equals. This is difficult to notice so can go unrecognised, however it will prevent the formula from calculating.

Double click the cell, or edit it in the Formula Bar. Check if there is a space and if so delete it. The formula will update.

When an apostrophe (‘) is entered before typing in Excel, that tells Excel to store the content as text. This is a common approach to store numbers such as phone numbers as text to retain the leading zeros.

This however could be the reason why your formula is not calculating.

The apostrophe will not be visible in the cell on the spreadsheet, but you can see it in the Formula Bar.

Double click the cell, or edit it in the Formula Bar and delete the apostrophe.

The final reason could be that the **Show Formulas** button on the **Formulas** tab is turned on. This can easily be done accidentally, or possibly by someone else using this workbook previously.

This button is used when auditing formulas. It shows the formula instead of the formula result, stopping them from calculating. This can be helpful when troubleshooting formula problems.

Simply click the **Show Formulas** button again to turn it off and the formula will be working.

The image below shows the data being used for this example. I have a list of countries and a number of online training subscribers.

This data has been plotted on an image of a world map using a red to green colour scheme.

Watch the Video

Keep reading for the step by step instructions or watch this video as it walks you through the process.

The first thing you need to do is install the add-in.

- Click the
**Insert**tab of the Ribbon, and then the**Store**button of the Add-ins group. - You can find the add-in that you want by navigating the categories, or by using the search box. In the image below we have typed
*map*into the search box to quickly locate the Geographic Heat Map add-in. - Click the
**Add**button to start the install. It takes just a few seconds.

Once an Add-in has been installed, it can be found in your recently used Add-ins list.

Creating the heat map from your data is now very simple. Check this out.

- Start the add-in by selecting it from the
**Recently Used Add-ins**list. - The welcome screen appears like below. Click on the
**Get Started**button.

- Click the
**Select Data**button and highlight the range of cells you want to use (including the headers). In this example I used range A2:B9. - Select the map you want to use from the
**Choose map**options. At the time of writing this tutorial you have the option of a USA map or a world map. We want the world map. - You then need to specify the columns that contain the list of countries and the values that you want to chart. The country names used on the spreadsheet will need to match the names the add-in looks for i.e. the USA is the United States on the map.
- You then select the
**Color theme**that you want. You have the option of Red > Green, Green > Red or Greyscale. - Then enter a
**Title**for the geographic heat map and click**Save**.

The geographic heat map is created. It can be moved on the spreadsheet by clicking and dragging the map by its edge.

If the data used on the sheet changes, the map will automatically update.

Pretty awesome I hope you agree. This will make a nice addition to your reports if you work with global data.

Fortunately Excel provides a variety of methods to group time depending on what you need. In this blog post we look at 4 ways to group times using PivotTables and Excel formulas.

PivotTables make it very easy to group numeric data such as dates and times including grouping time by the hour.

If you have a list of times, simply drag the time column into the Rows area of the PivotTable.

In Excel 2016, the PivotTable automatically groups it by the hour, minute and second. Previous versions do not, but have the same options.

Group a time field by right mouse clicking on a cell containing a time and select **Group**. Then choose the group options you want.

PivotTables are great, but they cannot help if you want to group time into specific intervals such as every 30 minutes, or every 4 hours.

In this video the FLOOR function is used to group time into 6 hour intervals, each quarter of the day.

We then create a PivotTable and use these intervals as a label in the report.

The FLOOR function will always round down to a multiple that you specify. If you need to round to the nearest multiple, it is not good enough.

Say for example that you want to round to the nearest 15 minutes. So a time of 00:18:30 should be rounded down to 00:15:00, but a time of 00:22:40 should round up to 00:30:00.

For this we can use the MROUND function of Excel. This function will round a value to the nearest multiple that you specify, which in this example is 15 minutes.

In the final example we look at using the VLOOKUP function to group time into irregular intervals.

In this video to day is split into morning, day, evening and night. However these parts of the day are not specific intervals such as every 6 hours. The morning is 5 hours between 06:00 and 11:00, then the daytime is 6 hours between 11:00 and 17:00 etc.

These intervals are set by creating a lookup table. A VLOOKUP is then set up to do an approximate match (range lookup) for each time within this table.

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It is called the Immediate Window because you can ask questions about your code, run statements and get immediate results. This can help us to understand what our macro is doing, and why and where it may be going wrong.

Watch the video tutorial below, or continue reading the full tutorial.

First of all, we need to view the Immediate Window. From the Visual Basic Editor window, click the **View** menu and then **Immediate Window**, or press **Ctrl + G** on the keyboard.

The Immediate Window appears at the bottom of the screen, below the Code Window by default. This can however, be moved and resized as you wish.

Probably the most common way people use the Immediate Window, is to ask your macro questions.

To do this, you start the Immediate Window statement with a question mark (?).

For example, if you want to know how many worksheets in the active workbook you could enter.

?Activeworkbook.Worksheets.Count

The ability to question your macro is very useful in large macros and when stepping through the code.

At any point, asking a question to get feedback on the current status of an object such as how many sheets the currently active workbook has, or the name of the current sheet can help to diagnose issues and understand complicated sections of code.

To find the name of the current sheet you would enter.

?Activesheet.Name

The image below shows these statements being used in the Immediate Window.

Another reason to use the Immediate Window is to print information to it. So when the macro is running it writes into the Immediate Window.

This can help us see what is happening at specific points in the code.

In the example below we have a basic macro that is looping through the sheets of a workbook. And maybe we want to double check that the code works, and it is successfully activating each sheet of the workbook.

The following line of code is added into the appropriate point of the macro so that information is printed to the Immediate Window.

Debug.Print sht.Name

This information is printed when the macro is run, or when you step through the macro.

A lot of people use message boxes to report the current status of variables, and objects while the macro runs. But message boxes need to be closed each time and interfere with the running of the macro.

By printing into the Immediate Window you avoid that interference and can focus on debugging your code.

You even execute code statements within the Immediate Window.

This could be a helpful way of checking your syntax, without embedding it within your macro and having to step through it.

It also enables you to perform an action while you step through a macro. You could use this to test your macros reaction to a statement you enter.

For example, if you simply enter the line below into the Immediate window and press Enter it would protect the active worksheet.

Activesheet.Protect

And this statement would change the name of the active worksheet to the value of cell A1.

Activesheet.Name = Range("A1").value

One of the key fundamental skills in Excel VBA is to be able to work with variables. The Immediate Window can be a huge help here as it enables us to test, and even change, the variables during the execution of the macro.

When debugging a macro it is extremely useful to be able to see what our variables are doing at different stages of the code.

There are a few ways we can do this in Excel VBA including the brilliant Locals Window, but the Immediate Window takes it a step further by allowing us to change the variables value.

The macro in the image below is a simply one to remove the blank rows from a list. A variable named *r* is used to store the current row in the loop.

In the Immediate Window while stepping through the code we tested the current value of the *r* variable by typing the line below.

?r

We then entered the following line to change the value of *r* to 13. This was done so that we could skip rows that we did not want to test.

r=13

We saw that the Immediate Window can be used to execute code statements earlier. It can also be used to run other macros.

We can obviously run macros using buttons in the Excel environment, or by using the View Macros window to name just two ways.

However by running the macros using these methods you are not given the opportunity to provide the macro with the parameters it may need.

Take this basic macro example below. It changes the fill colour of a cell using the colour provided as a parameter (referred to as *lColour* here).

Sub ChangeColour(lColor As Long) ActiveCell.Interior.Color = lColor End Sub

Entering the line below in the Immediate Window will run the *ChangeColour* macro and use the index number for a shade of blue as the parameter.

ChangeColour(15123099)

This enables me to check the macro functionality independently before it is used within larger macro projects.

- 6 Ways to find the last row of a list in Excel VBA
- Email an Excel workbook as an attachment – Excel macro
- Macro to export all sheets as PDF

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In this blog post we explore 4 Excel MOD function examples. Hopefully this will help to see how versatile this function can be.

To start we better have a quick introduction to how to use the MOD function. It looks like this;

=MOD(number, divisor)

You need to provide it first with the number you want to divide, and then the number you want to divide it by (divisor).

You can see some basic examples of this below.

Ok, lets get on with some more impressive **real-world MOD function examples**.

Here is the video tutorial of the examples explained below.

Excel stores dates and times as a number. The time is the fractional part of that number.

For example, the date and time 06/07/2017 10:15 is stored in Excel as 42922.42708.

Now this does not mean anything to us, but to extract the time part only of .42708 we could use the MOD function and then format the result as time to make sense to us.

The MOD function would be used to divide the number (date and time value) by 1. As this would leave the fractional part as the remainder.

In the example below the following formula was used to extract the time result.

=MOD(A2,1)

This calculation was used in my tutorial to calculate the time elapsed in days, hours and minutes.

Another clever example of the MOD function may be to stop the entry of odd numbers in a range.

If a number is an even number, a remainder of 0 would be returned when divided by 2.

It stands to reason then that odd numbers would return a different remainder. We could use this understanding to insert the MOD function into a Data Validation rule.

Select the range of cells you want to apply the validation rule to. Click **Data** > **Data Validation**.

Select **Custom** from the Allow list and enter the formula below into the box provided.

=MOD(A2,2)=0

In this formula, cell A2 is the first cell of the range that you selected. This formula ensures that only values that return a remainder of 0 when divided by 2 are allowed.

In my online course on how to create automated sports league tables and tournaments in Excel, I have a section on calculating cricket statistics and league tables.

This example comes from that course. We have cells containing the number of overs bowled, but we want to see how many balls is this.

For those who don’t follow cricket. There are 6 balls per over bowled. So if a bowler has made 6.2 overs. They have done 6 overs of 6 balls each and then 2 more balls.

In the spreadsheet below the number of overs is in column B and then the following formula was used in C.

=INT(B3)*6+MOD(B3,1)*10

This formula used the INT function to extract the integer part of column B and multiplies it by 6 to calculate the total balls bowled.

Then the MOD function is used to extract the fractional part (.2 in B3) by dividing it by 1. This is then multiplied by 10 to convert 0.2 to 2. The two parts of the formula are then added together.

For the final example, we will use the MOD function to help us sum every third cell in a range. This formula can be adapted to sum every other cell, or every fifth cell, or whatever you may need.

This formula uses the impressive SUMPRODUCT function, a favourite of mine.

The formula below uses the ROW function to return the row number of the cell reference starting with B3. A 2 is then subtracted from this because the range starts from row 3. So row 3 is actually row 1 of the range.

The MOD function is then used to divide this number by 3. If the number is divisible by 3 then it must be a multiple of 3.

The number that meet this test in range B3:B11 are then summed.

=SUMPRODUCT((MOD(ROW($B$3:$B$11)-2,3)=0)*($B$3:$B$11))

For this example we have a list of the Ballon d’or winners of all time. Column B contains 3 letters in uppercase (after the name) which identify the country that the player represented at the time of winning the award.

In cell E1 I have entered the 3 digits for a country. I would like to automatically change the colour of all the cells that contain the country written in E1.

There is a good chance that the 3 digits identifying a country could also occur in a players name. For example, the letters for France – FRA do occur in the name Franz Beckenbauer.

To prevent this happening we will match the case of the word we are searching for, as it is always written in upper case.

You can watch the video tutorial of this lesson below.

To achieve this we need to write a formula in a Conditional Formatting rule. The formula will identify if the country code occurs, then Conditional Formatting will highlight the cell.

Firstly we need to start a Conditional Formatting rule;

- Select the Cells that you wish to format.
- Click
**Home**>**Conditional Formatting**and then**New Rule**. - Select the
**Write a formula to determine which cells to format**option. - The formula below is then used in the box provided.

=ISNUMBER(FIND($E$1,B2))

- Click the
**Format**button and choose the formatting you want.

In this formula, the FIND function is used to search for the word in E1 in the cells of column B.

If a cell does contain the word, the FIND function returns a number specifying the position of the word in that cell. And if the word is not found #VALUE! is returned.

A number is not very helpful to us, so the ISNUMBER function is used to return TRUE if a number is returned and FALSE if not.

The Conditional Formatting rule will then run if TRUE.

- Two Essential Conditional Formatting Tricks
- Applying Conditional Formatting to Excel Charts
- Techniques to Separate Text into Different Cells
- Count the Occurrences of a Character in a Cell

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The purpose of VLOOKUP is to look for a value and return some information about that value. Although quite specific in its role, this function can be used in some very clever and interesting ways.

For anyone reading this who may be quite new to VLOOKUP, lets have a quick look at its structure.

=VLOOKUP(lookup_value, table_array, col_index_num, [range_lookup])

**Lookup Value** – The value you want to look for.

**Table Array** – The table containing the value to look for and value to return.

**Col Index Num** – The column number of the Table Array containing the value to return.

**Range Lookup** – Optional argument. To specify whether an approximate or exact match on the Lookup Value is needed.

For more information on how to use VLOOKUP, check out the Ultimate VLOOKUP guide.

If you would prefer to watch the video, or simply watch it whilst you refer to the formulas in this tutorial. You can do so below.

This is one of the more common reasons to use the VLOOKUP function. You can create a lookup table and automate data entry by getting VLOOKUP to fetch it for you.

In this simple example we have a travel expense spreadsheet. Someone regularly travels to five different offices. They enter where they went, and need VLOOKUP to return the miles for that office from a table.

The VLOOKUP formula below has been used in cell B3.

=VLOOKUP(A3,$F$2:$G$6,2,FALSE)

VLOOKUP can be a great alternative to complex nested IFS and formulas that contain IF and AND to handle their complex logic.

Take this example where the size of the discount increases the higher the quantity you order.

The quantity required and discount qualified for can be seen in columns F and G. Without VLOOKUP this could be a sizeable formula.

The following VLOOKUP formula is used in cell C2. It uses an approximate lookup, otherwise known as a range lookup, to return the correct discount depending on where the value sits in the ranges of column F.

The TRUE on the end of VLOOKUP is specifying to perform a range lookup.

=VLOOKUP(A2,$F$2:$G$7,2,TRUE)

A very impressive way to use VLOOKUP is on your reports and dashboards to make your charts and visualisations dynamic.

Lets say you had three tables of sales data like below. As you can see, these are sales of product categories in Canada, Denmark and France.

You have one chart and you would like the user to select which countries data to view from a drop down list.

Well in the image below the drop down list is in cell D2. When the user selects a country from the list, the VLOOKUP’s in column B return the correct data.

Here is the VLOOKUP formula from cell B3;

=VLOOKUP(A3,INDIRECT($D$2),2,FALSE)

The three tables of data have each been named using the countries name. The INDIRECT function has then been used in VLOOKUP to refer to that table from the users list selection.

A very common task for Excel users is to compare lists, and VLOOKUP can help here too.

In this basic example below we have two lists of fruit. A VLOOKUP function has been used in a Conditional Formatting rule to identify the fruit that appears in the first list, but not the second.

The formula below was used in the Conditional Formatting rule.

=ISNA(VLOOKUP($A2,$C$2:$C$8,1,FALSE))

It uses VLOOKUP to look for the item of fruit from the first list in the second. The ISNA function then reports TRUE if the fruit is not found.

To apply the Conditional Formatting rule;

- Select the range of cells to format. In this example it was A2:A7.
- Click
**Home**>**Conditional Formatting**>**New Rule**. - Select
**Use a formula to determine which cells to format**and then enter the formula in the box provided, and click the Format button to select your formatting options.

This blog post explores some examples of using **wildcard characters in formulas** to find, sum or count cells containing partial matches to what we are searching for.

If you prefer a video tutorial then check it out below, otherwise please continue for the written tutorial.

Before we look at some examples of wildcards in formulas, we should discuss the three types of wildcard characters you can use in Excel.

*** (asterisk)**– represents any number of characters. For example,*In**could mean India, Indonesia, Indianapolis, Innsbruck.**? (question mark)**– represents one single character. For example,*L?ndon*could mean London, or Landon.**~ (tilde)**– used to identify a wildcard character in the text. For example, if you wanted to find the exact phrase**London*in the text, you would enter*~*London*. Otherwise all entries ending with the word London would be returned because of the asterisk wildcard.

I assume we are all big fans of VLOOKUP. The most well known lookup function of Excel. But did you know that by using wildcard characters you can create a partial text match with VLOOKUP?

The following formula has been used in cell E3. The ampersand (&) has been used to concatenate the location in cell D3 with the asterisk wildcard. So this VLOOKUP will find the first value that begins with the text in D3.

Sometimes you do not know, or in this case do not need to know the full name of what you are looking for, and a partial match in itself is unique.

=VLOOKUP(D3&"*",$A$2:$B$10,2,FALSE)

Learn more in our Ultimate Guide to VLOOKUP.

The COUNTIF and SUMIF functions of Excel are also two of its most commonly used functions. It makes sense therefore that wildcards can be used with them.

In the example below we have a list of invoices and amounts. The first two characters of each invoice determine the sales rep involved.

We do not care about the exact invoice number right now. Just as long as the first two characters match the sales rep I am reporting on, then fantastic.

This COUNTIF function was used in cell E3 to calculate the number of orders by the sales rep SJ. In similar fashion to the preceding VLOOKUP example, cell D3 and the asterisk character are joined to create the criteria.

=COUNTIF(A2:A11,D3&"*")

This SUMIF function was then used in cell F3 to total the orders for SJ, or whatever sales rep is entered into D3.

=SUMIF(A2:A11,D3&"*",B2:B11)

In this example, we imagine a list of invoice numbers which should all be 6 characters in length. We want to test the range of invoice numbers to check if there are any inconsistencies.

The formula below uses a COUNTIF function and the question mark wildcard. By entering 6 question marks in a string we are counting the cells containing exactly 6 characters.

The answer in cell C2 is 7 indicating that there must be 3 that do not meet that criteria. Can you see them? Well in the next example we will get Conditional Formatting to highlight them.

=COUNTIF(A2:A11,"??????")

This formula can be added into a Conditional Formatting rule to identify the cells containing the incorrect text length.

The formula below has been used. It is slightly different to the COUNTIF in the previous example.

=COUNTIF(A2,"<>??????")

Because it is part of a Conditional Formatting rule, it only references the single cell (A2). This is the first cell of the range. The formatting is applied to the entire range of cells, but in the formula you reference just a single cell.

If you are not familiar with the “<>” symbol, that is the NOT operator. It has been included in the string with the six question marks. So this rule will format all the cells that do not have 6 characters.

Wildcard characters can be used in more functions that what I have demonstrated here. Using them with IF, FIND and SUBSTITUTE can be useful also.

If you can perform formulas on the full content of a cell that fantastic, but when you do not know the full content, wildcards do a great job of stepping up to the plate.

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The SUMPRODUCT function is powerful, versatile and expansive. It is the go to function when looking for an alternative to array formulas.

If you are a newbie – check out our SUMPRODUCT function guide to get an understanding of how it works.

**Ok, are you ready to rock on with these 5 awesome SUMPRODUCT examples?**

Let’s do this.

If you prefer to watch videos, check out this video covering the tutorials from this blog post.

In the first example, we will use the SUMPRODUCT function to return the count and sum of the values from a specific month.

In this example the formula below has been entered into cell E3 to count the values for the month specified in cell D3.

=SUMPRODUCT(--(MONTH($A$2:$A$12)=$D$3))

The MONTH function has been used to extract the month from the each date in the range. This is then tested to see if it is equal to the month we want to count.

The double hyphens ‘–‘ are used to convert the true and false responses of this logical test to 1 and 0. The SUMPRODUCT then sums these 1’s and 0’s to return the answer.

The formula below has then be entered into cell F3 to return the total sales value for that month.

=SUMPRODUCT(--(MONTH($A$2:$A$12)=$D$3),B2:B12)

For this we just needed to add a comma and then the range of cells containing the sales values.

This works because the SUMPRODUCT function multiplies the 1’s and 0’s from month test by these sales values. And then these results are all summed.

This example can be very useful if you have to analyse comments, feedback or SEO keyword data. In these situations you will have large volumes of text and you may be looking for the occurrence of specific words.

In this example, the SUMPRODUCT formula has been used in cell D2 to count all the occurrences of words entered in cell C2.

=SUMPRODUCT(--(ISNUMBER(FIND(C2,A2:A9))))

In this formula the FIND function searches for the words in each cell. If the words are found then FIND returns its starting position, and if not it returns and error value.

The ISNUMBER function will then return true if a number is returned, or false if not. The double hyphens are then used just like the previous example to convert the true and false to 1 and 0.

The 1’s and 0’s are then summed by SUMPRODUCT to return the final count.

The SUMPRODUCT function can also be used to perform a unique count of values in a range.

Being able to count how many orders and how many training sessions is great. But sometimes you need to know how many different customers placed orders, and how many different training sessions. Then you need a unique count.

The formula below performs a unique count on range A2:A10.

=SUMPRODUCT(1/COUNTIF(A2:A10,A2:A10))

For this to work the COUNTIF function counts the occurrences for each name in the list producing the below. This says that Robert occurs twice, James once and Sally three times etc.

=SUMPRODUCT(1/{2;1;3;2;1;1;3;1;3})

These values are then divided by the 1 producing the below.

=SUMPRODUCT({0.5;1;0.33;0.5;1;1;0.33;1;0.33})

And then SUMPRODUCT sums them all up delivering the unique count.

How about summing only the top values from a range. Yes SUMPRODUCT can do this.

In this example we sum only the top 3 values, but this can easily be adapted to top 5, top 10 or whatever you wish.

The formula below sums only the top 3 values in range B2:B12.

=SUMPRODUCT(LARGE(B2:B12,{1,2,3}))

This formula uses the LARGE function with SUMPRODUCT. The LARGE function is used to return kth largest value in a data set, such as the 5th largest.

In this example we have provided the LARGE function with an array of {1, 2, 3} so that it returns the top 3. The SUMPRODUCT then sums them.

This is all in the beauty of the SUMPRODUCT formula handling arrays of data.

If you need to sum the values from the bottom of the range you can use the SMALL function.

In the final example we see the SUMPRODUCT formula performing a two way lookup.

You may have created two way lookups before in the past. The most common way to do this is to use the INDEX and MATCH function combination.

The formula below performs a two way lookup. It looks for the value of cell B1 down column A, and the value in cell D1 along row 3. It returns the value at the intersection, which in the image is £246.

=SUMPRODUCT((A4:A13=B1)*(A3:M3=D1),A4:M13)

The asterisk (*) is used as an AND operator in this formula. And the second array is the range to return the value from i.e. A4:M13.

The SUMPRODUCT function is so incredibly versatile we could be listing far more examples in this tutorial. For example it can also sum the values from every nth row of a list.

What have you used it for?

- Use the MID and FIND functions to extract text
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- How to use the TEXT function of Excel

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